With industrial waste breaking records and the oceans and water bodies being polluted to the verge of ecological collapse, we can no longer stick to the fact that we still have at least 1% of freshwater for consumption. There is a need to change the way we are living our lives and consuming the resources, otherwise not-so-distant future generations will face untold environmental and economic issues. The only way forward is to move our political, economic, and social systems to a model of sustainability. Here are some basic tips for home to make a cleaner and better environment for ourselves as well as the other species on this planet.
Cut out the plastic
This is probably the most important concern which is responsible for the demise of countless underwater species. Plastic production is not ready to stop, and unless we stop using as much plastic as we can opt for biodegradable materials. There are companies that are encouraging a plastic-free environment by producing quality products with alternative materials. Using such products will help greatly in an ecofriendly lifestyle. Microplastics have been found in the deepest parts of the ocean, showing just how far humans pollution is reaching.
The simplest way you can save energy is by remembering to switch off the electrical appliances when you do not need them. The lighting itself accounts for over 40% of the electricity consumption. If people switching off the lights every time they leave a room, the macroeconomic impact of this will help drive energy usage down significantly. Considering about 80% of the world energy is powered by fossil fuels such as coal, this gives you an idea of the positive impact this can have.
Using cold water for washing your clothes can help in saving up the energy that goes into the washing machines. This will reduce the amount of energy consumption to up to 80%, which is a good way to play your part.
Recycle the products
When you are using plastic, paper, electronics, etc. try to weigh down the burden of its production by recycling whatever you can. The plastic bottles are easy to recycle. Instead of purchasing bottled water from the stores every day, you can carry your own water bottle from home. Also, learn to dispose of the batteries properly as they emit fumes that are dangerous for the environment.
Use solar energy
Solar energy has developed a lot in the past two decades and is now available for home purposes as well. You can install solar panels on your roofs and create your own energy to cut down the use of energy from the power plants. It will not only help in saving the environment but also in reducing your electricity bills and shrinking the carbon footprint. Many sustainable architects, build houses with methods to reduce energy consumption such as solar.
Carpool is a great way of cutting down traffic as well as fuel emissions. If you have friends or colleagues going in the same direction, choose to travel together in one car rather than taking a car each. You can share the fuel prices for the rides as well as reach your destinations earlier if your society is also carpooling. Many business organisations also support this idea and encourage the workers to share a ride.